Rediscovery of Aedes cretinus (Edwards, 1921) (Diptera; Culicidae) in Cyprus, 66 years after the first and unique report.

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2016
Authors:A. F. Martinou, Vaux, A. G. C., Bullivant, G., Charilaou, P., Hadjistyllis, H., Shawcross, K., Violaris, M., Schaffner, F., Medlock, J. M.
Journal:Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association
Date Published:17/11/2016
Keywords:Aedes, Cyprus., distribution, Mediterranean basin, Mosquito, Stegomyia

Abstract: Mosquitoes are important vectors of parasitic helminths, protozoan and viral pathogens causing human disease. There has been a growing interest in the establishment and spread of invasive aedine mosquito species but also in understanding native mosquitoes. Following concerns regarding black and white-striped mosquitoes biting aggressively during the day, survey visits were organised by the Joint Services Health Unit on the Kryos river at the village of St. Mavra, Limassol district, Cyprus. Adult mosquitoes collected either during human landing catches in June 2015 or adults that emerged in the laboratory from water collected from tree holes in January 2016, were identified as Aedes (Stegomyia) cretinus. During the same period (June 2015), Ae. cretinus adults were also collected by the Public Health authorities of the Republic of Cyprus from a local residence at Avdellero village, Larnaca district. Aedes cretinus is a species with limited distribution and close resemblance to the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus. Information on mosquito species and their respective geographic distribution is fundamental for the goal of reducing the impact of emerging vector-borne viral zoonoses in Europe and targeting control for vector and nuisance species. Our study highlights the need for educational and raising awareness programmes regarding insects of medical importance as well as the importance of collaboration and networking between the relevant authorities. Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association 34: 10-13, 2016

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